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Belarus has a population density of 46 residents per km 2. The highest is the density of the central high plateau and around the larger cities. In 2019, 78 percent of the population lived in cities, of which the capital, Minsk (2 million residents, 2018) was the largest. Other cities include Homel (535,700 residents), Mahiljoŭ (381,400) and Vitsebsk (370,300).

Religion and Languages of Belarus

In 2010, the population consisted of Belarusians (84 percent), Russians (8 percent), Poles (3 percent) and Ukrainians (2 percent). The Russian and Jewish population are preferably urban dwellers, while the other ethnic groups are distributed approximately proportionately between the city and the countryside.


Official language is Belarusian. According to Countryaah, Russian also has a strong position. Other languages include Polish and Ukrainian.


The situation on the border between Europe's Orthodox and Catholic parts has characterized developments in Belarus. Orthodoxin came from the Kiev kingdom in the 11th century. By a union in Brest-Litovsk (present Brest) in 1596, parts of the Orthodox Church were joined to Rome. In 1839, the Russian government returned these unions to orthodoxy. The Orthodox Church became independent in 1988 and is governed by the Metropolitan of Minsk. The majority of the population belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church; the number of Catholics has been estimated at 1–2.5 million.

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