Belarus has a population density of 46 residents per km
2. The highest is the density of the central high
plateau and around the larger cities. In 2019, 78 percent of
the population lived in cities, of which the capital, Minsk
(2 million residents, 2018) was the largest. Other cities
include Homel (535,700 residents), Mahiljoŭ (381,400) and
In 2010, the population consisted of Belarusians (84
percent), Russians (8 percent), Poles (3 percent) and
Ukrainians (2 percent). The Russian and Jewish population
are preferably urban dwellers, while the other ethnic groups
are distributed approximately proportionately between the
city and the countryside.
Official language is Belarusian. According to
Countryaah, Russian also has a
strong position. Other languages include Polish and
The situation on the border between Europe's Orthodox and
Catholic parts has characterized developments in Belarus.
Orthodoxin came from the Kiev kingdom in the 11th century.
By a union in Brest-Litovsk (present Brest) in 1596, parts
of the Orthodox Church were joined to Rome. In 1839, the
Russian government returned these unions to orthodoxy. The
Orthodox Church became independent in 1988 and is governed
by the Metropolitan of Minsk. The majority of the population
belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church; the number of
Catholics has been estimated at 1–2.5 million.