to Countryaah, nearly 90 percent of the country's residents can be
classified as Bulgarians. The largest minority groups are
Turks (800,000), who live mainly in the northeastern and
southern parts of the country, and Roma (300,000).
The country has a population density of 63 residents per
km2. The most densely populated is the Sofia
basin with over 500 residents per km2. Around
Plovdiv lives about 150 residents per km2.
Slightly lower numbers can be found in the agricultural
areas of the Danube in the north and Maritsa in the south.
The mountain areas are sparsely populated. Since 1946, the
urban population has increased from 25 to 74 percent. The
largest cities are Sofia (1.2 million residents, 2017),
Plovdiv (343,400) and Varna (335,200).
The official language is Bulgarian, which is the native
language of 85% of the population. Major minority languages
are Turkish, which is the mother tongue of 700,000 people
(2007), and Romani, the mother tongue of an estimated
300,000 (2006). In practice, many Turks and Romans are
bilingual. The Turks speak dialects that differ greatly from
the standard language in Turkey. In the southwest there is a
small minority who consider themselves Macedonians and
consequently consider themselves speaking Macedonian (the
Bulgarian dialects are gradually transitioning into
Macedonian, and no sharp border exists).
After the Christianity of the twentieth and twentieth
centuries was exterminated by the Slav conquest, Bulgaria
was again Christianized in 865, when Prince Boris was
baptized by missionaries from Constantinople. The population
has since been predominantly Orthodox. The varied and varied
church history also includes the Newmanic Bogomiles,
connection to Rome, rebellion against the Ottoman conquerors
and national opposition to Byzantium. In 1870, the church
organized with Turkish help as an independent exarchate,
which in 1945 was recognized by Constantinople. Through a
new church law in 1949, the communist regime dissolved the
link between state and church. In 1953, the exarchate was
converted into a patriarchate based in Sofia. In the 1990s,
a schism within the church has emerged for political
reasons. The two factions now have their own patriarchy.
The largest minority have been the Muslims (formerly
950,000), most Turks. Unified Catholics (with Byzantine
liturgy), Protestants and Jews constitute minorities.