In April 2010, Guelleh persuaded Parliament to change the
constitution so that he could run for a third term as
president. Presidents were previously limited to 2 periods.
It paved the way for him in the April 2011 election. It was
boycotted by the opposition and Guelleh could therefore be
elected with 80.6% of the vote. Inspired by the "Arab
Spring", the opposition had begun demonstrating as early as
February with demands for Guelleh's departure. On at least 2
occasions, opposition leaders, along with hundreds of
protesters, were arrested. Around mid-March, the authorities
managed to break the wave of protest. Amnesty International
therefore questioned whether the election could be called
fair at all.
In February 2013, parliamentary elections were held in
Djibouti. According to
the opposition boycotted the elections in 2008, but this
time decided to participate. According to the government,
the ruling party got UMP 43 out of Parliament's 65 seats and
thus absolute majority. The opposition coalition assembled
in the USN got 21 seats. The opposition objected to the
result and declared that there had been electoral fraud.
Police fired tear gas at the protesters and 300 were
arrested. The opposition subsequently refused to take its
seats in protest of the electoral fraud. Only in January
2015 was an agreement reached between the president and the
USN that resolved the political crisis. The opposition took
its seats in parliament and a new independent electoral
system was to be introduced in the country.