In 2018, Georgia had a population density of 53 residents
per km2. About 58 percent of the residents live
in one of the country's cities, of which Tbilisi is the
dominant. Other cities include Batumi (163,400 residents,
2018) and Kutaisi (141,000).
Countryaah, Georgians or atrocities make up the country's majority
(84 percent at the 2002 census). They have lived in
extremely diverse environmental conditions within their area
of residence. On the coast, they were primarily farmers who,
among other things, cultivated wine and fruit, while in the
mountains they combined artificial irrigated and terraced
agriculture with sheep, cattle and pig farming. They had a
rich assortment of vegetables and herbs, which were the
backdrop for the Georgian cuisine famous for its variety.
The craftsmanship was richly developed early on, and the
forging in particular was of high quality. Yet in the 19th
century, Georgian soldiers appeared in forged ornaments that
had the Crusaders' armor as a role model. The buildings were
assembled in spacious villages, which in the mountainous
areas consisted of multi-storey houses with a distinctive
fortress function. There, large families with several
hundred members could live under the leadership of the
oldest male member of the family. The grand families, in
turn, were part of clans, among which not least blood
revenge played an important role.
In Georgia, there are also a number of minority groups:
Azerbaijani (6.5 percent), Armenians (5.7 percent), Russians
(1.5 percent), Ossetians (0.9 percent), Jesuits, Greeks and
The Academy of Sciences in Tbilisi has an institute of
ethnology and an associated museum. A systematic gathering
of folk traditions began as early as the 19th century and
intensified during the Soviet era, especially during the
1930s. Folk culture and ethnic diversity have also been
represented since 1966 at the open-air museum in Tblisi,
named after the ethnologist Giorgi Tšitaia.
The official language of the country is Georgian as well
as Georgian and Abkhazian in Abkhazia. Other major languages
are Armenian, Azerbaijani and Russian. Local minority
languages are Ossetic and Abkhazian. Those with the
Georgian-related languages, the megalegan and the Swanet,
are spoken in western Georgia.
Georgia adopted Christianity as a state religion in 337.
Most of the population belongs to the autonomous Georgian
Orthodox Church. The church is headed by a Catholic in
Tbilisi and has become an important identity factor in
national liberation. There are also Armenian Christians,
Roman Catholics, Russian Orthodox Christians and Muslims. In
addition, there are some traces of Iranian religion.