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In 2018, Georgia had a population density of 53 residents per km2. About 58 percent of the residents live in one of the country's cities, of which Tbilisi is the dominant. Other cities include Batumi (163,400 residents, 2018) and Kutaisi (141,000).

Religion and Languages of Georgia

According to Countryaah, Georgians or atrocities make up the country's majority (84 percent at the 2002 census). They have lived in extremely diverse environmental conditions within their area of residence. On the coast, they were primarily farmers who, among other things, cultivated wine and fruit, while in the mountains they combined artificial irrigated and terraced agriculture with sheep, cattle and pig farming. They had a rich assortment of vegetables and herbs, which were the backdrop for the Georgian cuisine famous for its variety. The craftsmanship was richly developed early on, and the forging in particular was of high quality. Yet in the 19th century, Georgian soldiers appeared in forged ornaments that had the Crusaders' armor as a role model. The buildings were assembled in spacious villages, which in the mountainous areas consisted of multi-storey houses with a distinctive fortress function. There, large families with several hundred members could live under the leadership of the oldest male member of the family. The grand families, in turn, were part of clans, among which not least blood revenge played an important role.

In Georgia, there are also a number of minority groups: Azerbaijani (6.5 percent), Armenians (5.7 percent), Russians (1.5 percent), Ossetians (0.9 percent), Jesuits, Greeks and Jews.

The Academy of Sciences in Tbilisi has an institute of ethnology and an associated museum. A systematic gathering of folk traditions began as early as the 19th century and intensified during the Soviet era, especially during the 1930s. Folk culture and ethnic diversity have also been represented since 1966 at the open-air museum in Tblisi, named after the ethnologist Giorgi Tšitaia.


The official language of the country is Georgian as well as Georgian and Abkhazian in Abkhazia. Other major languages are Armenian, Azerbaijani and Russian. Local minority languages are Ossetic and Abkhazian. Those with the Georgian-related languages, the megalegan and the Swanet, are spoken in western Georgia.


Georgia adopted Christianity as a state religion in 337. Most of the population belongs to the autonomous Georgian Orthodox Church. The church is headed by a Catholic in Tbilisi and has become an important identity factor in national liberation. There are also Armenian Christians, Roman Catholics, Russian Orthodox Christians and Muslims. In addition, there are some traces of Iranian religion.

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