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In 2011, the first census was carried out since 1993. According to Countryaah, the population was about 20 percent less than previously used estimates and amounted to about 1.8 million. Of this, approximately 72,500 lived in the municipalities in northern Kosovo where Serbs are in the majority. These have a high degree of self-determination and are administered from Serbia in terms of, for example, healthcare and teaching.

Religion and Languages of Kosovo

The proportion of young people is larger than in other countries in Europe and so is the family size. On average, a household comprises close to six people.

The ethnic composition of the population has changed over several periods over the past twenty-five years. In the 1990s, conditions deteriorated radically for Kosovo Albanians and many moved abroad, while Serbs moved into Kosovo. After the end of the war in 1999, some Albanians returned, while many Kosovo Serbs moved out. The 2011 census showed that 88 percent of the population were Kosovo Albanians while 7 percent were Kosovo Serbs. Bosnians and Gorans, who are Muslims who speak Slavic languages, made up 2 percent. In addition, Turks and Romans, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, the latter together often referred to as RAE.

In 2015, 62 percent of the population lived in rural areas, the second highest proportion of all European states. In 2012, the capital Pristina had 205 100 residents, Prizren 181 800 and Gjilan 91 400.


In Kosovo, Albanian and Serbian are official languages. Serbs, however, are mainly used in the Serbian enclaves. At the local level Turkish, Bosnian and Romani can also be used.

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