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According to Countryaah, the Maldives population is of mixed origin. The islands were probably first populated by Sinhalese from Sri Lanka and Dravids from South India, but these have gradually been mixed with Arabs, among others. The average population density is very high (1,732 residents per km2, 2019). The capital Male (134,200 residents, 2012) is the only real city; most of the residents live in smaller villages. Only 20 islands have more than a thousand residents.

Religion and Languages of Maldives


The official language and majority language is divehi, an indian language closely related to Sinhalese. English, Arabic and Hindi are also used.


From previously embracing Buddhism, the population switched to Islam in 1153. Virtually everyone is a Sunni Muslim. Other religions must not be proclaimed in public.

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