Countryaah, Marshall Islands has a rapidly growing population; over
the last 20 years, the population has doubled. About 2/3 of
the population is concentrated on the Majuro and Kwajalein
atolls. Sections of the population are still affected by the
effects of the test blasts on the Bikini and Enewetak
atolls, which among other things resulted in radioactive
fallout over the residents of adjacent atolls.
The majority language is Marshallese, an Austronesian
(Micronesian) language, which is also the official language
along with English.
Over 60% belongs to the Congregationalist church United
Church of Christ, which came to the country through Hawaiian
missionaries around 1860. This has from the beginning
contributed to the church having a distinctly indigenous
character. The church structure was built around the
existing chiefdoms, but with deacons as leaders. The
Marshall Islands were thus pacified through the expansion of
the church. Through the matrilineal lineage, women play an
important role in society, and they have also been included
in the church and influence its work. A few percent belong
to the Roman Catholic Church, which came to the country in
1889. There is also a smaller group of Mormons. 25% of the
population today consider themselves non-religious.