Of the Naurus population, about 5,300 are natives. The
migrants, most of the phosphate mining workers, came from
mainly Kiribati and Tuvalu but also from Hong Kong, the
Philippines, Australia and New Zealand. Only natives can be
citizens of Nauru. Settlement is possible only on the narrow
coastal strip, where a number of communities exist. No
cities in Nauru.
Countryaah, the official language and majority language is Nauru, an Austronesian language. English is also used.
The small nation is dominated by Christianity, even
though the churches and especially the cultural specialty
have been given a reduced importance with the rapidly
emerging material wealth. The Congregationalist church
comprises 2/3 of the population, while the Roman Catholic
comprises 1/3. The first missionaries came in 1899 from the
nearby Congregationalist Church in Kiribati. The Catholic
Church was introduced at about the same time by Europeans.
The development of the churches has been closely linked to
the changing colonial powers and their phosphate companies.