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According to Countryaah, Qatar has an average population density of 245 residents per km2, but almost the entire population lives in cities. More than 2/3 of the residents and about 90 per cent of the labor force are immigrants. This has led, among other things, to an oblique gender distribution (75 percent are men). The country's largest city is the capital Doha (521,300 residents, 2011).

Religion and Languages of Qatar

The majority of the population in Qatar are labor migrants from Pakistan (34 percent), Iran (16 percent) and other Arab countries (45 percent). The indigenous people are Sunni Muslim Arab Bedouins, who, as a result of the oil income, have largely abandoned the traditional livelihoods such as camel keepers and pearl fishermen.


The official language is Arabic. The spoken language is an Arabic yellow dialect that is close to Northern Arab Bedouin dialects. English is the most frequently used language.


Islam is state religion. The majority of the indigenous population are Sunni Muslims, mainly belonging to the Han Balite School of Law or more precisely Wahhabism. The proportion of Shi'ite Muslims is estimated by unofficial sources at 5-15%. A large number of guest workers without citizenship are likely to be Muslims, but supporters of other Asian religions, especially Hindus, as well as Christians are also present. In 2008, the first official Christian church in Qatar, the Catholic Church of Our Lady of Rosary, was inaugurated in Doha.

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