In 2019, Suriname had a population density of 4 residents
per km2. The majority of the population is in the
coastal region, with strong concentration around the capital
and the lower course of the Suriname River. About 66 percent
of the population lives in the cities, of which Paramaribo
is the most dominant.
Countryaah, Suriname's indigenous population, in 2007, accounted for
3.7 percent of the population, a total of just over 18,000. akuriyo, arawak, kaliña, trío (tiriyó) and wayana. These,
along with the maroons, live along the larger inland rivers.
They live on burning, hunting and fishing.
Today, the maroons make up 15 percent of the population.
Asian groups, such as descendants of Indians and Pakistanis
(27 percent) and Indonesians (15 percent), make up the rural
population along the coast and estuaries, while Europeans
are found in cities. The dominant ethnic unit is the Creole
(30 percent), a mix of blacks, Europeans and Asians. Of
these, 18 percent speak sranan, a local Creole language.
Dutch is an official language but is the mother tongue of
only a small part of the population. Most people in Suriname
understand and use sranan, an English-based Creole language.
Otherwise, Hindi is spoken in a local form called sarnami
(about 25% of the population) and Javanese (15%) and the
Creole languages Ndjuka and saramaccan (each 5%), the
latter mixed English- and Portuguese-based. In addition,
smaller groups still use arawak and carib language.
The dominant belief is Dutch colonial Protestantism with
Calvinist orientation. The Ecumenical Church Community
Council of Churches supported the independence movement in
1975. There are reformers, Presbyterians, Methodists and
Baptists. About 20% are Catholics. Jews, Hindus and
Indonesian Muslims came through later immigration. Ecumenism
is most noticeable in social work against poverty and
marginalization. A mixture of Afro and indigenous religious
movements is strong, e.g. Winti. Interreligious dialogue
between these and the Christians is increasing.