Countryaah, the population is for the most part of Polynesian
descent; 2/3 live on the main island of Tongatapu. The
capital Nuku'alofa (36,000 residents, 2012) is the only city
Nearly all are tonga speakers. Official languages are
English and Tonga, both of which are used in all social
Tonga is completely dominated by the Christian churches.
Alongside Samoa, Tonga is probably the country in Oceania
that has retained most of its traditional cultural features.
Methodist mission came to Tonga in 1822 and established one
of the most missionary churches in Polynesia. This Free
Wesleyan Church of Tonga is today the largest in the country
with 44% of the population. There are also a number of
smaller, Protestant churches. The Roman Catholic Church
makes up about 16% of the population. The Tongan National
Council of Churches plays an important role in the joint